程序员最近都爱上了这个网站  程序员们快来瞅瞅吧!  it98k网:it98k.com

本站消息

站长简介/公众号

  出租广告位,需要合作请联系站长

+关注
已关注

分类  

暂无分类

标签  

暂无标签

日期归档  

2022-02(5)

2022-03(4)

Tensorflow2.0初探——keras回调函数、实现简单的图像分类、归一化

发布于2020-03-27 09:35     阅读(988)     评论(0)     点赞(10)     收藏(1)


1、引入相应的库

import matplotlib as mpl
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
%matplotlib inline
import numpy as np
import sklearn
import pandas as pd
import os
import sys
import time
import tensorflow as tf

from tensorflow import keras

print(tf.__version__)
print(sys.version_info)
for module in mpl, np, pd, sklearn, tf, keras:
    print(module.__name__, module.__version__)

在这里插入图片描述

2、导入数据

fashion_mnist = keras.datasets.fashion_mnist
(x_train_all, y_train_all), (x_test, y_test) = fashion_mnist.load_data()
x_valid, x_train = x_train_all[:5000], x_train_all[5000:]
y_valid, y_train = y_train_all[:5000], y_train_all[5000:]

print(x_valid.shape, y_valid.shape)
print(x_train.shape, y_train.shape)
print(x_test.shape, y_test.shape)

在这里插入图片描述

3、数据归一化

#均值为0,方差为1
# x = (x - u) / std

from sklearn.preprocessing import StandardScaler

scaler = StandardScaler()
# x_train: [None, 28, 28] -> [None, 784]
x_train_scaled = scaler.fit_transform(
    x_train.astype(np.float32).reshape(-1, 1)).reshape(-1, 28, 28)
x_valid_scaled = scaler.transform(
    x_valid.astype(np.float32).reshape(-1, 1)).reshape(-1, 28, 28)
x_test_scaled = scaler.transform(
    x_test.astype(np.float32).reshape(-1, 1)).reshape(-1, 28, 28)

4、创建模型

# tf.keras.models.Sequential()

"""
model = keras.models.Sequential()
model.add(keras.layers.Flatten(input_shape=[28, 28]))
model.add(keras.layers.Dense(300, activation="relu"))
model.add(keras.layers.Dense(100, activation="relu"))
model.add(keras.layers.Dense(10, activation="softmax"))
"""

model = keras.models.Sequential([
    keras.layers.Flatten(input_shape=[28, 28]),
    keras.layers.Dense(300, activation='relu'),
    keras.layers.Dense(100, activation='relu'),
    keras.layers.Dense(10, activation='softmax')
])

# relu: y = max(0, x)
# softmax: 将向量变成概率分布. x = [x1, x2, x3], 
#          y = [e^x1/sum, e^x2/sum, e^x3/sum], sum = e^x1 + e^x2 + e^x3

# reason for sparse: y->index. y->one_hot->[] 
model.compile(loss="sparse_categorical_crossentropy",
              optimizer = "sgd",
              metrics = ["accuracy"])

5、定义回调函数callback

# Tensorboard, earlystopping, ModelCheckpoint
logdir = './callbacks'
if not os.path.exists(logdir):
    os.mkdir(logdir)
output_model_file = os.path.join(logdir,
                                 "fashion_mnist_model.h5")

callbacks = [
    keras.callbacks.TensorBoard(logdir),
    keras.callbacks.ModelCheckpoint(output_model_file,
                                    save_best_only = True),
    keras.callbacks.EarlyStopping(patience=5, min_delta=1e-3),
]
history = model.fit(x_train_scaled, y_train, epochs=10,
                    validation_data=(x_valid_scaled, y_valid),
                    callbacks = callbacks)

在这里插入图片描述

6、绘制各项训练数据图像

def plot_learning_curves(history):
    pd.DataFrame(history.history).plot(figsize=(8, 5))
    plt.grid(True)
    plt.gca().set_ylim(0, 1)
    plt.show()

plot_learning_curves(history)

在这里插入图片描述

7、评估验证函数

model.evaluate(x_test_scaled, y_test)

在这里插入图片描述



所属网站分类: 技术文章 > 博客

作者:imsorry

链接:https://www.pythonheidong.com/blog/article/286715/4de120fa81e877264b67/

来源:python黑洞网

任何形式的转载都请注明出处,如有侵权 一经发现 必将追究其法律责任

10 0
收藏该文
已收藏

评论内容:(最多支持255个字符)