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调用讯飞开放平台的语音转写api

发布于2020-09-13 19:46     阅读(485)     评论(0)     点赞(2)     收藏(5)


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  • 讯飞开放平台提供的api
# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-
#
#   author: yanmeng2
#
# 非实时转写调用demo

import base64
import hashlib
import hmac
import json
import os
import time

import requests

lfasr_host = 'http://raasr.xfyun.cn/api'

# 请求的接口名
api_prepare = '/prepare'
api_upload = '/upload'
api_merge = '/merge'
api_get_progress = '/getProgress'
api_get_result = '/getResult'
# 文件分片大小10M
file_piece_sice = 10485760

# ——————————————————转写可配置参数————————————————
# 参数可在官网界面(https://doc.xfyun.cn/rest_api/%E8%AF%AD%E9%9F%B3%E8%BD%AC%E5%86%99.html)查看,根据需求可自行在gene_params方法里添加修改
# 转写类型
lfasr_type = 0
# 是否开启分词
has_participle = 'false'
has_seperate = 'true'
# 多候选词个数
max_alternatives = 0
# 子用户标识
suid = ''


class SliceIdGenerator:
    """slice id生成器"""

    def __init__(self):
        self.__ch = 'aaaaaaaaa`'

    def getNextSliceId(self):
        ch = self.__ch
        j = len(ch) - 1
        while j >= 0:
            cj = ch[j]
            if cj != 'z':
                ch = ch[:j] + chr(ord(cj) + 1) + ch[j + 1:]
                break
            else:
                ch = ch[:j] + 'a' + ch[j + 1:]
                j = j - 1
        self.__ch = ch
        return self.__ch


class RequestApi(object):
    def __init__(self, appid, secret_key, upload_file_path):
        self.appid = appid
        self.secret_key = secret_key
        self.upload_file_path = upload_file_path

    # 根据不同的apiname生成不同的参数,本示例中未使用全部参数您可在官网(https://doc.xfyun.cn/rest_api/%E8%AF%AD%E9%9F%B3%E8%BD%AC%E5%86%99.html)查看后选择适合业务场景的进行更换
    def gene_params(self, apiname, taskid=None, slice_id=None):
        appid = self.appid
        secret_key = self.secret_key
        upload_file_path = self.upload_file_path
        ts = str(int(time.time()))
        m2 = hashlib.md5()
        m2.update((appid + ts).encode('utf-8'))
        md5 = m2.hexdigest()
        md5 = bytes(md5, encoding='utf-8')
        # 以secret_key为key, 上面的md5为msg, 使用hashlib.sha1加密结果为signa
        signa = hmac.new(secret_key.encode('utf-8'), md5, hashlib.sha1).digest()
        signa = base64.b64encode(signa)
        signa = str(signa, 'utf-8')
        file_len = os.path.getsize(upload_file_path)
        file_name = os.path.basename(upload_file_path)
        param_dict = {}

        if apiname == api_prepare:
            # slice_num是指分片数量,如果您使用的音频都是较短音频也可以不分片,直接将slice_num指定为1即可
            slice_num = int(file_len / file_piece_sice) + (0 if (file_len % file_piece_sice == 0) else 1)
            param_dict['app_id'] = appid
            param_dict['signa'] = signa
            param_dict['ts'] = ts
            param_dict['file_len'] = str(file_len)
            param_dict['file_name'] = file_name
            param_dict['slice_num'] = str(slice_num)
        elif apiname == api_upload:
            param_dict['app_id'] = appid
            param_dict['signa'] = signa
            param_dict['ts'] = ts
            param_dict['task_id'] = taskid
            param_dict['slice_id'] = slice_id
        elif apiname == api_merge:
            param_dict['app_id'] = appid
            param_dict['signa'] = signa
            param_dict['ts'] = ts
            param_dict['task_id'] = taskid
            param_dict['file_name'] = file_name
        elif apiname == api_get_progress or apiname == api_get_result:
            param_dict['app_id'] = appid
            param_dict['signa'] = signa
            param_dict['ts'] = ts
            param_dict['task_id'] = taskid
        return param_dict

    # 请求和结果解析,结果中各个字段的含义可参考:https://doc.xfyun.cn/rest_api/%E8%AF%AD%E9%9F%B3%E8%BD%AC%E5%86%99.html
    def gene_request(self, apiname, data, files=None, headers=None):
        response = requests.post(lfasr_host + apiname, data=data, files=files, headers=headers)
        result = json.loads(response.text)
        if result["ok"] == 0:
            print("{} success:".format(apiname) + str(result))
            return result
        else:
            print("{} error:".format(apiname) + str(result))
            exit(0)
            return result

    # 预处理
    def prepare_request(self):
        return self.gene_request(apiname=api_prepare,
                                 data=self.gene_params(api_prepare))

    # 上传
    def upload_request(self, taskid, upload_file_path):
        file_object = open(upload_file_path, 'rb')
        try:
            index = 1
            sig = SliceIdGenerator()
            while True:
                content = file_object.read(file_piece_sice)
                if not content or len(content) == 0:
                    break
                files = {
                    "filename": self.gene_params(api_upload).get("slice_id"),
                    "content": content
                }
                response = self.gene_request(api_upload,
                                             data=self.gene_params(api_upload, taskid=taskid,
                                                                   slice_id=sig.getNextSliceId()),
                                             files=files)
                if response.get('ok') != 0:
                    # 上传分片失败
                    print('upload slice fail, response: ' + str(response))
                    return False
                print('upload slice ' + str(index) + ' success')
                index += 1
        finally:
            'file index:' + str(file_object.tell())
            file_object.close()
        return True

    # 合并
    def merge_request(self, taskid):
        return self.gene_request(api_merge, data=self.gene_params(api_merge, taskid=taskid))

    # 获取进度
    def get_progress_request(self, taskid):
        return self.gene_request(api_get_progress, data=self.gene_params(api_get_progress, taskid=taskid))

    # 获取结果
    def get_result_request(self, taskid):
        return self.gene_request(api_get_result, data=self.gene_params(api_get_result, taskid=taskid))

    def all_api_request(self):
        # 1. 预处理
        pre_result = self.prepare_request()
        taskid = pre_result["data"]
        # 2 . 分片上传
        self.upload_request(taskid=taskid, upload_file_path=self.upload_file_path)
        # 3 . 文件合并
        self.merge_request(taskid=taskid)
        # 4 . 获取任务进度
        while True:
            # 每隔20秒获取一次任务进度
            progress = self.get_progress_request(taskid)
            progress_dic = progress
            if progress_dic['err_no'] != 0 and progress_dic['err_no'] != 26605:
                print('task error: ' + progress_dic['failed'])
                return
            else:
                data = progress_dic['data']
                task_status = json.loads(data)
                if task_status['status'] == 9:
                    print('task ' + taskid + ' finished')
                    break
                print('The task ' + taskid + ' is in processing, task status: ' + str(data))

            # 每次获取进度间隔20S
            time.sleep(20)
        # 5 . 获取结果
        self.get_result_request(taskid=taskid)
        return self.get_result_request(taskid=taskid)


# # 注意:如果出现requests模块报错:"NoneType" object has no attribute 'read', 请尝试将requests模块更新到2.20.0或以上版本(本demo测试版本为2.20.0)
# # 输入讯飞开放平台的appid,secret_key和待转写的文件路径
# if __name__ == '__main__':
#     api = RequestApi(appid="", secret_key="", upload_file_path=r"")
#     api.all_api_request()

  • 自己写的call程序
#/usr/bin/python
# coding=utf-8
import jiekou
import json
import os

files = []
for i in os.listdir(r'C:\Users\CMIC\Desktop\1'):
    tmp = os.path.join('C:\\Users\CMIC\Desktop\\1', i)
    files.append(tmp)

result_file = r'C:\Users\CMIC\Desktop\a\1.txt'
a = 1
for f in files:
    print(str(a)+'\t'+f)
    a = a+1
    api = jiekou.RequestApi(appid='5f5b186', secret_key='f9b51a563459fe00aabeb8171592c9', upload_file_path=f)
    return_result = api.all_api_request()
    tmp_result = []
    content = return_result['data']
    content = eval(content)
    for idx in range(len(content)):
        tmp_result.append(content[idx]['onebest'])
    final_result = ''.join(tmp_result)

    short_file_name = f.split('1\\')
    r = short_file_name[1]+'|'+final_result+'\n'
    print(r)
    with open(result_file, 'a') as file:
        file.write(r)
        file.close()

原文链接:https://blog.csdn.net/iwantMovieLens/article/details/108539548

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作者:python是我的菜

链接: https://www.pythonheidong.com/blog/article/519535/229e6c2c7aaabbf6947a/

来源: python黑洞网

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